Keller Easterling

Protocol
1) any means of formatting and instructing an environment with an organizational
procedure
2)a set of constraints governing timing, organization, interactivity and process
3)computing common language between different operating environments
<a ~ is not necessarily a stepwise or repeatable procedure for which there is an absolute
expression>
<the architect often attempts to describe with geometry, the complex ~s of process and
possible behaviors for different kinds of physical spaces>
<In a spatial environment, ~s may describe the systemic structure of development-the
controlling factors organizing markets, construction techniques, financing, eto
o for the construction, demolition and program were not part of the higher aesthetic
purpose and remained unexploited determinants of spatial and material consequences>
Distinct from TEMPLATE, FORMULA, ALGORITHM
TEMPLATE l)a protocol which unifies an entire organization into a single fixed pattern derived at a single moment; a protocol with no time component 2)a mold or pattern for producing identical products FORMULA l)rule, equation or recipe
<the professional conducted surveys of people on the street in an attempt to compile a complete list of "design factors." Homo sapiens, he liked to call them. Armed with this information, and help from a computer, he would derive the ideal formula for the smallest unit of development

Differentiation
1) the development from the one to the many, the simple to the complex, the homogeneous to the heterogeneous2
<"polygon intensity," they swaggered, "contributes to the volume of ~ we need to optimize form. No one understands complexity like we do. We design complexity’^- <3nfrastructure networks within terrestrial, highway and residential systems provide sites for the contemplation and identification of an architecture which is not described by geometry or aesthetics, but by protocols of ~, interplay, adjustment and timing.> distinct from DIFFERENTIAL (see below)

Differential
l)math.. sets of differences between variables
2)mech. A system of gears translating one increment of movement to another differential
gear enabling power to be divided between two axles in line with one another and able to
rotate at different speeds, as when a vehicle corners3
3)adj. descriptive of a system which generates variation not within itself but across distinct
environments

  • Websters Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 353. 3 The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford. Clarendon Press, 1993. 668.
-Gerald Edelman4 > Modifies PARALLELISM, SWITCH, FUNCTION **Parallel** l)computing simultaneous activation of a number of conductors or circuits. 2) Parallelism separate environments or species of information working in concert to amplify power, intelligence or adaptability < In ~ processing, networks of circuits or multiple process components activate simultaneously, rapidly accessing information and compounding computational memory and power, whereas serial arrangements process information sequentially.> <~ism increases the quantity and simultaneity of connections as well as creating cross-environmental connections between different operationing environments REDUNDANCY l)superfluous repetition 2)repetition designed to produce a temporary surplus of options o between train and highway routes provides for a relay between carriers designed to best fit the needs of the trip> **Remote activation/Partial activation** l)effects resulting from an adjustment of one in a series of connected elements which affects another element to which it is not directly connected, either by position or by an increment of time i.e. where A, B and C are connected, C may be changed by changing B or A. adjustments to network connections are never discrete and so are powerful even when partial or tactical ~> PARTITION subdivision of a group into smaller groups <~ by states and counties produced an entirely different response than ~ by geological features> 4Gerald Edelman. Bright Air Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind.. New York: Basic Books, 1992..94-95. **Summation** 1 Collective power within a group of identical elements which would not exist in any individual element 2)neurophysiology effect achieved by multiple firings of neurons which could not be achieved by a single neuron 3>)imaginary. effect over a repeated element or standard specification 4)process of addition, TOTAL, INCREASE, AMPLIFICATION specifications for the smallest repeated details, increments or fasteners, in ~, completely reformat and recalibrate the architecture of a larger environment **Switch** 1) a device for making, breaking or changing a connection 2) an insertion controlling flow at a particular point binary vs. analogic switches binary switches have two positions, on and off whereas analogic switches perform a more continuous operation of translation or control <"in other words, the switch is not except at the moments of its change of setting, and the concept ’switch’ has thus a special relation to time. It is related to the notion ’change’ rather than to the notion ’object.’"—Gregory Bateson5> GOVERNOR,VALVE GOVERNOR 1) regulator 2) agent of an intermediate organization with some parameters or constraints 5Gregory Bateson. Mind and Nature: A Necessary Unity. New York: Dutton, 1979, 109. **Function** l)math. a variable quantity described in terms of its dependence on another value. 2) math, expression governing interdependent variables and mapping infinitesimal changes between specific derivative instants in time. 3)something dependent on as in "a function of". 4) an organizational agent expressing its behavioral constraints < ~-s are the fittings, toolings, or gadgets which express relationship and architecture within an organization of active parts> Keller Easterling, 1996

"Space as a Medium of Innovation" Interview with Berndt Upmeyer

MONU: Magazine on Urbanism, #26, Spring 2017 — May 1, 2017

"Impossible"

Pedro Gadanho, Joao Laia and Susana Ventura, eds., Utopia/Dystopia: a Paradigm Shift in Art and Architecture — March 1, 2017

"Superbug"

Log 39 Spring 2017 — March 15, 2017

"The Histories of Things That Don’t Happen and Shouldn’t Always Work"

Arjun Appadurai and Arien Mack, eds., Failure: Social Research International Quarterly — September 1, 2016

"Split Screen"

Ilke and Andreas Ruby, eds., Infrastructure Space, Holcim Foundation (Ruby Press). — 2016

"Things That Don’t Always Work"

Ryan Bishop, Kristoffer Gansing, Jussi Parikka and Elvia Wilk, eds., Across and Beyond—A Transmediale Reader on Post-digital Practices, Concepts, and Institutions — 2016

"A Man a Tree and and Ax"

Lola Sheppard and Maya Przybylski, eds., Bracket: At Extremes (Barcelona: Actar). — November 1, 2016

Encounters with Climate

Encounters with Climate

“Encounters with Climate” in James D. Graham, ed., Climates: Architecture and the Planetary Imaginary (Columbia Books on Architecture and the City/Lars Muller Publishers, 2015). — 2016

Infra-read: Interview by Jesse Seegers

Infra-read: Interview by Jesse Seegers

Pin-Up — May 1, 2016

<em>ARQ 92: Excepiones</em>

ARQ 92: Excepiones

April 1, 2016

Protocols of Interplay

Protocols of Interplay

Volume: The System — April 1, 2016

The Dispositions of Theory

The Dispositions of Theory

James Graham, ed.,The Urgencies of Architectural Theory (New York, GSAPP Books) — 2015

An Internet of Things

An Internet of Things

reprint in Brian Kuan Wood, Julieta Aranda and Anton Vidokle eds., e-flux journal: The Internet Does Not Exist (Sternberg Press). — 2015

Interview

Interview

Arqa — 2011

Pandas: A Rehearsal

Pandas: A Rehearsal

Cornell Journal of Architecture — 2011

Fresh Fields

Fresh Fields

Coupling: Pamphlet Architecure 30 Infranet Lab/Lateral Office (New York: Princeton Architectural Press) — 2011

Rumor

Rumor

Megan Born and Lily Jencks, eds, Via: Dirt, University of Pennsylvania — 2012

Come to Things

Come to Things

Metahaven and Marina Vishmidt, eds., Uncorporate Identity (Zürich: Lars Müller) — 2010

Graduate Sessions No. 9

Graduate Sessions No. 9

Syracuse University — 2010

The Activist Entrepreneur

The Activist Entrepreneur

John Wriedt ed., Architecture: From the Outside In (New York: Princeton Architectural Press) — 2010

World City Doubles

World City Doubles

Roldolphe El-Khoury and Edward Robbins, ed., Shaping the City: Studies in History, Theory and Urban Design (Routledge). — June 1, 2013

In the Briar Patch

In the Briar Patch

Jonathan Solomon ed., Sustain and Develop 306090 Volume 13 (New York: 306090, Inc.) — 2009

The Agent: Interview with Neeraj Bhatia

The Agent: Interview with Neeraj Bhatia

The Agent No. 0 — May 1, 2014

Absolute Submission

Absolute Submission

Crisis, a collaboration of C-Lab and Urban China — September 15, 2008

Without Claims to Purity

Without Claims to Purity

aX, vol. 1+2 (Winter) — 2008

Megabuilding

Megabuilding

Architektura 4, 163 (Kwiecien) — 2009

Intermediate Points of Interest

Intermediate Points of Interest

Gaby Brainard, Rustam Mehta, and Thom Moran eds., Perspecta 41 Grand Tour — 2008

The Knowledge

The Knowledge

Volume 13: Ambition — 2007

Disposition: In_site

Disposition: In_site

In_Site: A Dynamic Equilibrium, In_Site 05 (Friessen) — 2007

Foreword

Foreword

Young Architects 7: Situating, catalog of Architectural League's Young Architects competition and exhibition (New York: Princeton Architectural Press) — 2006

Other Aggressions and Maneuvers

Other Aggressions and Maneuvers

The Last Mile, photography catalog Satya Pemmaraju (Gallery SKE) — 2007

Non-statecraft

Non-statecraft

Maghreb Connection: Movements of Life Across North Africa (Barcelona: ACTAR) — 2007

Not Everything

Not Everything

Volume 2: Not Everything — 2005

Architect-at-Large

Architect-at-Large

Volume 1 — 2005

With Satellites: Remote Sending in South Asia and the Middle East

With Satellites: Remote Sending in South Asia and the Middle East

Brian McGrath and Grahame Shane eds., AD, Sensing the 21st Century: Close-up and Remote Vol. 75 No. 6 — 2005

Offshore

Offshore

Anselm Frank and Eyal Weizman, eds., Territories: the Frontiers of Utopia and Other Facts on the Ground (Berlin: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König) — 2004

Orgman

Orgman

Stephen Graham, ed., The Cybercities Reader (London: Routledge) — 2003

Subtraction

Subtraction

Perspecta 34: Temporary Architecture (MIT Press) — 2003

Tomato World

Tomato World

Praxis 4: Landscapes — January 1, 2002

A-Ware

Journal of Architectural Education, special digital issue — January 1, 2002

Wildcards: a Game of Orgman

Wildcards: a Game of Orgman

Metalocus 5 — 2000

Interchange and Container: The New Orgman

Interchange and Container: The New Orgman

Perspecta 30 Settlement Patterns — 1999

A Short Contemplation on Money and Comedy

A Short Contemplation on Money and Comedy

Thresholds 18 (MIT) — 1999

Distributive Protocols: Residential Formations

Distributive Protocols: Residential Formations

Beauty is Nowhere: Ethical Issues in Art and Design (Routledge) — 1998

American Town Plans excerpt

ANY — 1993

Siting Protocols

Siting Protocols

Peter Lang, ed., Suburban Discipline (Storefront Books) — 1997

Call it Home

Assemblage 24 — 1994

Perceiving Action

Offramp, SCI-ARC Journal, vol. 1, no. 5 — 1993

Switch

Switch

City Speculations (New York: Princeton Architectural Press) — 1996