Keller Easterling

Protocol
1) any means of formatting and instructing an environment with an organizational
procedure
2)a set of constraints governing timing, organization, interactivity and process
3)computing common language between different operating environments
<a ~ is not necessarily a stepwise or repeatable procedure for which there is an absolute
expression>
<the architect often attempts to describe with geometry, the complex ~s of process and
possible behaviors for different kinds of physical spaces>
<In a spatial environment, ~s may describe the systemic structure of development-the
controlling factors organizing markets, construction techniques, financing, eto
o for the construction, demolition and program were not part of the higher aesthetic
purpose and remained unexploited determinants of spatial and material consequences>
Distinct from TEMPLATE, FORMULA, ALGORITHM
TEMPLATE l)a protocol which unifies an entire organization into a single fixed pattern derived at a single moment; a protocol with no time component 2)a mold or pattern for producing identical products FORMULA l)rule, equation or recipe
<the professional conducted surveys of people on the street in an attempt to compile a complete list of "design factors." Homo sapiens, he liked to call them. Armed with this information, and help from a computer, he would derive the ideal formula for the smallest unit of development

Differentiation
1) the development from the one to the many, the simple to the complex, the homogeneous to the heterogeneous2
<"polygon intensity," they swaggered, "contributes to the volume of ~ we need to optimize form. No one understands complexity like we do. We design complexity’^- <3nfrastructure networks within terrestrial, highway and residential systems provide sites for the contemplation and identification of an architecture which is not described by geometry or aesthetics, but by protocols of ~, interplay, adjustment and timing.> distinct from DIFFERENTIAL (see below)

Differential
l)math.. sets of differences between variables
2)mech. A system of gears translating one increment of movement to another differential
gear enabling power to be divided between two axles in line with one another and able to
rotate at different speeds, as when a vehicle corners3
3)adj. descriptive of a system which generates variation not within itself but across distinct
environments

  • Websters Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 353. 3 The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford. Clarendon Press, 1993. 668.
-Gerald Edelman4 > Modifies PARALLELISM, SWITCH, FUNCTION **Parallel** l)computing simultaneous activation of a number of conductors or circuits. 2) Parallelism separate environments or species of information working in concert to amplify power, intelligence or adaptability < In ~ processing, networks of circuits or multiple process components activate simultaneously, rapidly accessing information and compounding computational memory and power, whereas serial arrangements process information sequentially.> <~ism increases the quantity and simultaneity of connections as well as creating cross-environmental connections between different operationing environments REDUNDANCY l)superfluous repetition 2)repetition designed to produce a temporary surplus of options o between train and highway routes provides for a relay between carriers designed to best fit the needs of the trip> **Remote activation/Partial activation** l)effects resulting from an adjustment of one in a series of connected elements which affects another element to which it is not directly connected, either by position or by an increment of time i.e. where A, B and C are connected, C may be changed by changing B or A. adjustments to network connections are never discrete and so are powerful even when partial or tactical ~> PARTITION subdivision of a group into smaller groups <~ by states and counties produced an entirely different response than ~ by geological features> 4Gerald Edelman. Bright Air Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind.. New York: Basic Books, 1992..94-95. **Summation** 1 Collective power within a group of identical elements which would not exist in any individual element 2)neurophysiology effect achieved by multiple firings of neurons which could not be achieved by a single neuron 3>)imaginary. effect over a repeated element or standard specification 4)process of addition, TOTAL, INCREASE, AMPLIFICATION specifications for the smallest repeated details, increments or fasteners, in ~, completely reformat and recalibrate the architecture of a larger environment **Switch** 1) a device for making, breaking or changing a connection 2) an insertion controlling flow at a particular point binary vs. analogic switches binary switches have two positions, on and off whereas analogic switches perform a more continuous operation of translation or control <"in other words, the switch is not except at the moments of its change of setting, and the concept ’switch’ has thus a special relation to time. It is related to the notion ’change’ rather than to the notion ’object.’"—Gregory Bateson5> GOVERNOR,VALVE GOVERNOR 1) regulator 2) agent of an intermediate organization with some parameters or constraints 5Gregory Bateson. Mind and Nature: A Necessary Unity. New York: Dutton, 1979, 109. **Function** l)math. a variable quantity described in terms of its dependence on another value. 2) math, expression governing interdependent variables and mapping infinitesimal changes between specific derivative instants in time. 3)something dependent on as in "a function of". 4) an organizational agent expressing its behavioral constraints < ~-s are the fittings, toolings, or gadgets which express relationship and architecture within an organization of active parts> Keller Easterling, 1996
Protocols of Interplay

Protocols of Interplay

Volume: The System — April 1, 2016